Dynavax Technologies Corporation
DYNAVAX TECHNOLOGIES CORP (Form: 10-Q, Received: 05/07/2015 16:36:47)

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2015

or

¨

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                     to                     .

Commission file number: 001-34207

 

Dynavax Technologies Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

 

33-0728374

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS Employer
Identification No.)

2929 Seventh Street, Suite 100

Berkeley, CA 94710-2753

(510) 848-5100

(Address, including Zip Code, and telephone number, including area code, of the registrant’s principal executive offices)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  x  No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registration was required to submit and post such files). Yes  x  No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

¨

  

Accelerated filer

 

x

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

¨

  

Smaller reporting company

 

¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes  ¨  No  x

As of April 30, 2015, the registrant had outstanding 29,303,239 shares of common stock.

 

 

 

 

 


INDEX

DYNAVAX TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION

 

 

Page No.

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements (unaudited)

4

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014

4

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 and 2014

5

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the Three Months Ended
March 31, 2015 and 2014

5

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 and 2014

6

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

7

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

17

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

21

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

22

 

PART II OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

23

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

23

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

36

Item 5.

Other Information

36

Item 6.

Exhibits

37

 

SIGNATURES

38

 

 

 

2


FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties. All statements that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements, including statements about our ability to successfully develop and achieve regulatory approval for HEPLISAV-B™, our business and collaboration strategy, our intellectual property position, our product development efforts, our ability to commercialize our product candidates, our ability to manufacture commercial supply and meet regulatory requirements, the timing of the introduction of our products, uncertainty regarding our capital needs and future operating results and profitability, anticipated sources of funds as well as our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions. These statements appear throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and can be identified by the use of forward-looking language such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “future,” or “intend,” or the negative of these terms or other variations or comparable terminology.

Actual results may vary materially from those in our forward-looking statements as a result of various factors that are identified in “Item 1A—Risk Factors” and “Item 2—Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and elsewhere in this document. No assurance can be given that the risk factors described in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are all of the factors that could cause actual results to vary materially from the forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Readers should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements and are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance. We assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements.

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q includes trademarks and registered trademarks of Dynavax Technologies Corporation. Products or service names of other companies mentioned in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.

 

 

 

3


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Dynavax Technologies Corporation

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

(Note 1)

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

14,713

 

 

$

49,511

 

Marketable securities available-for-sale

 

82,881

 

 

 

73,141

 

Accounts receivable

 

909

 

 

 

727

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

3,478

 

 

 

4,058

 

Total current assets

 

101,981

 

 

 

127,437

 

Property and equipment, net

 

7,528

 

 

 

7,924

 

Goodwill

 

2,032

 

 

 

2,277

 

Restricted cash

 

608

 

 

 

632

 

Other assets

 

20

 

 

 

20

 

Total assets

$

112,169

 

 

$

138,290

 

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

3,272

 

 

$

1,159

 

Accrued research and development

 

7,346

 

 

 

6,938

 

Accrued liabilities

 

3,593

 

 

 

6,317

 

Deferred revenues

 

5,694

 

 

 

5,865

 

Long-term debt, current portion

 

594

 

 

 

-

 

Total current liabilities

 

20,499

 

 

 

20,279

 

Deferred revenues, net of current portion

 

6,599

 

 

 

6,900

 

Long-term debt

 

8,913

 

 

 

9,559

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

1,085

 

 

 

1,070

 

Total liabilities

 

37,096

 

 

 

37,808

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock: $0.001 par value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Authorized: 5,000 shares; Issued and outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series B Convertible Preferred Stock — 17 shares at March 31, 2015 and 43 at December 31, 2014

-

 

 

 

-

 

Common stock: $0.001 par value; 69,500 shares authorized at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014; 28,926 and 26,307 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively

 

29

 

 

 

26

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

697,149

 

 

 

695,058

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(2,955

)

 

 

(1,669

)

Accumulated deficit

 

(619,150

)

 

 

(592,933

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

75,073

 

 

 

100,482

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

112,169

 

 

$

138,290

 

See accompanying notes.

 

 

 

4


Dynavax Technologies Corporation

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collaboration revenue

$

471

 

 

$

2,373

 

Grant revenue

 

148

 

 

 

1,125

 

Service and license revenue

 

8

 

 

 

-

 

Total revenues

 

627

 

 

 

3,498

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

22,220

 

 

 

13,231

 

General and administrative

 

4,859

 

 

 

4,157

 

Unoccupied facility expense

 

-

 

 

 

77

 

Total operating expenses

 

27,079

 

 

 

17,465

 

Loss from operations

 

(26,452

)

 

 

(13,967

)

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

27

 

 

 

65

 

Interest expense

 

(247

)

 

 

-

 

Other income, net

 

455

 

 

 

62

 

Net loss

$

(26,217

)

 

$

(13,840

)

Basic and diluted net loss per share

$

(0.97

)

 

$

(0.53

)

Weighted average number of shares used to compute basic and diluted net loss per share

 

27,065

 

 

 

26,283

 

 

 

Dynavax Technologies Corporation

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Net loss

$

(26,217

)

 

$

(13,840

)

Other comprehensive (loss) income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain on marketable securities available-for-sale

 

8

 

 

 

69

 

Cumulative foreign currency translation adjustments

 

(1,294

)

 

 

(9

)

Total other comprehensive (loss) gain

 

(1,286

)

 

 

60

 

Total comprehensive loss

$

(27,503

)

 

$

(13,780

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

 

 

5


Dynavax Technologies Corporation

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

March 31,

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

$

(26,217

)

 

$

(13,840

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

335

 

 

 

339

 

Gain on disposal of property and equipment

 

-

 

 

 

(20

)

Accretion of discounts and amortization of premiums of marketable securities

 

171

 

 

 

264

 

Loss on lease

 

-

 

 

 

77

 

Accretion of debt discount related to debt financing

 

(51

)

 

 

-

 

Accretion of end of term payment related to debt financing

 

57

 

 

 

-

 

Stock compensation expense

 

1,954

 

 

 

1,270

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

(182

)

 

 

(103

)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

580

 

 

 

(948

)

Restricted cash and other assets

 

-

 

 

 

266

 

Accounts payable

 

2,043

 

 

 

154

 

Accrued liabilities and other long term liabilities

 

(2,357

)

 

 

(1,671

)

Deferred revenues

 

(472

)

 

 

3,036

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(24,139

)

 

 

(11,176

)

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of marketable securities

 

(18,654

)

 

 

(13,819

)

Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities

 

8,750

 

 

 

28,949

 

Purchases of property and equipment, net

 

(618

)

 

 

(398

)

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

 

(10,522

)

 

 

14,732

 

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options and restricted stock awards

 

10

 

 

 

-

 

Proceeds from exercise of warrants

 

26

 

 

 

-

 

Proceeds from Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

103

 

 

 

69

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

139

 

 

 

69

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

(276

)

 

 

3

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

(34,798

)

 

 

3,628

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

49,511

 

 

 

23,122

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

14,713

 

 

$

26,750

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid during the year for interest

$

184

 

 

$

-

 

Disposal of fully depreciated property and equipment

$

4

 

 

$

274

 

Net change in unrealized gain on marketable securities

$

8

 

 

$

69

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

 

 

6


Dynavax Technologies Corporation

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

1. Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Dynavax Technologies Corporation (“we,” “our,” “us,” “Dynavax” or the “Company”) is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company that uses toll-like receptor (“TLR”) biology to discover and develop novel vaccines and therapeutics.  Our development programs are organized under our three areas of focus:  vaccine adjuvants, cancer immunotherapy, and autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. We were incorporated in California in August 1996 under the name Double Helix Corporation, and we changed our name to Dynavax Technologies Corporation in September 1996. We reincorporated in Delaware in 2000.

Basis of Presentation

Our accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. In our opinion, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, which we consider necessary to present fairly our financial position and the results of our operations and cash flows. As permitted under those rules, certain footnotes or other financial information that are normally required by GAAP can be condensed or omitted. Interim-period results are not necessarily indicative of results of operations or cash flows to be expected for a full-year period or any other interim-period. The condensed consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2014, has been derived from audited financial statements at that date, but excludes disclosures required by GAAP for complete financial statements.

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and these notes should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Dynavax and our wholly-owned subsidiaries, Rhein Biotech GmbH and Dynavax International, B.V. Dynavax International, B.V. was dissolved in January 2015. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions, among consolidated entities, have been eliminated. We operate in one business segment: the discovery and development of biopharmaceutical products.

Liquidity and Financial Condition

We have incurred significant operating losses and negative cash flows from operations since our inception. As of March 31, 2015, we had cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities of $97.6 million. We currently estimate that we have sufficient cash resources to meet our anticipated cash needs through at least the next 12 months based on cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities on hand as of March 31, 2015 and anticipated revenues and funding from existing collaboration agreements .

We expect to continue to spend substantial funds in connection with the development and manufacturing of our product candidates, particularly HEPLISAV-B TM , human clinical trials for our product candidates and additional applications and advancement of our technology. In order to continue these activities, we may need to raise additional funds. This may occur through strategic collaboration and licensing arrangements and/or future public or private debt and equity financings. Sufficient additional funding may not be available on acceptable terms, or at all. If adequate funds are not available in the future, we may need to delay, reduce the scope of or put on hold the HEPLISAV-B program or our other development programs while we seek strategic alternatives .

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make informed estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates.

Reverse Stock Split

All references to numbers of shares of our common stock and per-share information in the accompanying financial statements have been adjusted retroactively to reflect the Company’s ten-for-one reverse stock split effected on November 7, 2014. The par value was not adjusted as a result of the reverse stock split.

 

7


Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

There have been no significant changes in our significant accounting policies during the three months ended March 31, 2015, as compared with those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.  

Revenue Recognition

Our revenues consist of amounts earned from collaborations, grants and fees from services and licenses. We enter into license and manufacturing agreements and collaborative research and development arrangements with pharmaceutical and biotechnology partners that may involve multiple deliverables. Our arrangements may include one or more of the following elements: upfront license payments, cost reimbursement for the performance of research and development activities, milestone payments, other contingent payments, contract manufacturing service fees, royalties and license fees. Each deliverable in the arrangement is evaluated to determine whether it meets the criteria to be accounted for as a separate unit of accounting or whether it should be combined with other deliverables. In order to account for the multiple-element arrangements, the Company identifies the deliverables included within the arrangement and evaluates which deliverables represent separate units of accounting. Analyzing the arrangement to identify deliverables requires the use of judgment, and each deliverable may be an obligation to deliver services, a right or license to use an asset, or another performance obligation. We recognize revenue when there is persuasive evidence that an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, the price is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured.

Non-refundable upfront fees received for license and collaborative agreements and other payments under collaboration agreements where we have continuing performance obligations related to the payments are deferred and recognized over our estimated performance period. Revenue is recognized on a ratable basis, unless we determine that another method is more appropriate, through the date at which our performance obligations are completed. Management makes its best estimate of the period over which we expect to fulfill our performance obligations, which may include clinical development activities. Given the uncertainties of research and development collaborations, significant judgment is required to determine the duration of the performance period. We recognize cost reimbursement revenue under collaborative agreements as the related research and development costs are incurred, as provided for under the terms of these agreements.

Contingent consideration received for the achievement of a substantive milestone is recognized in its entirety in the period in which the milestone is achieved. A milestone is defined as an event having all of the following characteristics: (i) there is substantive uncertainty at the date the arrangement is entered into that the event will be achieved, (ii) the event can only be achieved based in whole or in part on either the entity’s performance or a specific outcome resulting from the entity’s performance and (iii) if achieved, the event would result in additional payments being due to the entity.

Our license and collaboration agreements with our partners provide for payments to be paid to us upon the achievement of development milestones. Given the challenges inherent in developing biologic products, there is substantial uncertainty whether any such milestones will be achieved at the time we entered into these agreements. In addition, we evaluate whether the development milestones meet the criteria to be considered substantive. The conditions include: (i) the development work is contingent on either of the following: (a) the vendor’s performance to achieve the milestone or (b) the enhancement of the value of the deliverable item or items as a result of a specific outcome resulting from the vendor’s performance to achieve the milestone; (ii) it relates solely to past performance and (iii) it is reasonable relative to all the deliverable and payment terms within the arrangement. As a result of our analysis, we consider our development milestones to be substantive and, accordingly, we expect to recognize as revenue future payments received from such milestones as we achieve each milestone.

Milestone payments that are contingent upon the achievement of substantive at-risk performance criteria are recognized in full upon achievement of those milestone events in accordance with the terms of the agreement and assuming all other revenue recognition criteria have been met. All revenue recognized to date under our collaborative agreements has been nonrefundable.

Our license and collaboration agreements with certain partners also provide for contingent payments to be paid to us based solely upon the performance of our partner. For such contingent payments we expect to recognize the payments as revenue upon receipt, provided that collection is reasonably assured and the other revenue recognition criteria have been satisfied.

Revenues from manufacturing services are recognized upon meeting the criteria for substantial performance and acceptance by the customer.

Revenue from royalty payments is contingent on future sales activities by our licensees. As a result, we recognize royalty revenue when all revenue recognition criteria have been satisfied.

Revenue from government and private agency grants is recognized as the related research expenses are incurred and to the extent that funding is approved. Additionally, we recognize revenue based on the facilities and administrative cost rate reimbursable per the terms of the grant awards.

8


Research and Development Expenses and Accruals

Research and development expenses include personnel and facility-related expenses, outside contracted services including clinical trial costs, manufacturing and process development costs, research costs and other consulting services and non-cash stock-based compensation. Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. Amounts due under such arrangements may be either fixed fee or fee for service, and may include upfront payments, monthly payments and payments upon the completion of milestones or receipt of deliverables. Non-refundable advance payments under agreements are capitalized and expensed as the related goods are delivered or services are performed.

We contract with third parties to perform various clinical trial activities in the on-going development of potential products. The financial terms of these agreements are subject to negotiation, vary from contract to contract and may result in uneven payment flows to our vendors. Payments under the contracts depend on factors such as the achievement of certain events, successful enrollment of patients, and completion of portions of the clinical trial or similar conditions. Our accrual for clinical trials is based on estimates of the services received and efforts expended pursuant to contracts with clinical trial centers and clinical research organizations. We may terminate these contracts upon written notice and we are generally only liable for actual effort expended by the organizations to the date of termination, although in certain instances we may be further responsible for termination fees and penalties. The Company makes estimates of its accrued expenses as of each balance sheet date based on the facts and circumstances known to the Company at that time. There have been no material adjustments to the Company’s prior period accrued estimates for clinical trial activities through March 31, 2015.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Accounting Standards Update 2014-09

In May 2014, the FASB issued guidance codified in ASC 606,  Revenue Recognition — Revenue from Contracts with Customers , which amends the guidance in former ASC 605,  Revenue Recognition . On April 1, 2015, the FASB proposed deferring the effective date by one year to December 15, 2017 for annual periods beginning after that date. The FASB also proposed permitting early adoption of the standard, but not before the original effective date of December 15, 2016. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of ASC 606 on its financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update 2014-15

In August 2014, the FASB issued guidance codified in ASC 205,  Presentation of Financial Statements — Going Concern . Accounting Standards Update 2014-15 requires an entity’s management to evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern and if those conditions exist, to make the required disclosures. The standard is effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2016, and interim periods therein. The Company does not expect that the adoption of this standard will have a significant impact on its financial statements.

 

2. Fair Value Measurements

The Company measures fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The accounting standard describes a fair value hierarchy based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value which are the following:

·

Level 1—Observable inputs, such as quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

·

Level 2—Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices in markets that are not active or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; and

·

Level 3—Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities; therefore, requiring an entity to develop its own valuation techniques and assumptions.

The carrying amounts of cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities are considered reasonable estimates of their respective fair value because of their short-term nature. The carrying amount of our long-term debt is considered a reasonable estimate of its respective fair value as it is amortized over its life using the effective interest rate.

9


Recurring Fair Value Measurements

The following table represents the fair value hierarchy for our financial assets (cash equivalents and marketable securities) measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 (in thousands):

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

March 31, 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds

$

12,568

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

12,568

 

U.S. government agency securities

 

-

 

 

 

82,881

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

82,881

 

Total

$

12,568

 

 

$

82,881

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

95,449

 

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

December 31, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds

$

46,989

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

46,989

 

U.S. government agency securities

 

-

 

 

 

73,141

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

73,141

 

Total

$

46,989

 

 

$

73,141

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

120,130

 

 

Money market funds are highly liquid investments and are actively traded. The pricing information on these investment instruments is readily available and can be independently validated as of the measurement date. This approach results in the classification of these securities as Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy.

U.S. Government agency securities are measured at fair value using Level 2 inputs. We review trading activity and pricing for these investments as of each measurement date. When sufficient quoted pricing for identical securities is not available, we use market pricing and other observable market inputs for similar securities obtained from various third party data providers. These inputs represent quoted prices for similar assets in active markets or these inputs have been derived from observable market data. This approach results in the classification of these securities as Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 during the three months ended March 31, 2015 or December 31, 2014.

 

3. Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities

The following is a summary of cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities available-for-sale as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 (in thousands):

 

 

Amortized Cost

 

 

Unrealized Gains

 

 

Unrealized Losses

 

 

Estimated Fair Value

 

March 31, 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

$

2,145

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

2,145

 

Money market funds

 

12,568

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

12,568

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

 

14,713

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

14,713

 

Marketable securities available-for-sale:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. government agency securities

 

82,872

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

82,881

 

Total marketable securities available-for-sale

 

82,872

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

82,881

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities

$

97,585

 

 

$

12

 

 

$

(3

)

 

$

97,594

 

December 31, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

$

2,522

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

2,522

 

Money market funds

 

46,989

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

46,989

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

 

49,511

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

49,511

 

Marketable securities available-for-sale:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. government agency securities

 

73,140

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

(10

)

 

 

73,141

 

Total marketable securities available-for-sale

 

73,140

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

(10

)

 

 

73,141

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities

$

122,651

 

 

$

11

 

 

$

(10

)

 

$

122,652

 

 

The maturities of our marketable securities available-for-sale are as follows (in thousands):

10


 

 

 

March 31, 2015

 

 

 

Amortized Cost

 

 

Estimated Fair Value

 

Mature in one year or less

 

$

82,872

 

 

$

82,881

 

Mature after one year through two years

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

$

82,872

 

 

$

82,881

 

 

All of our investments are classified as short-term and available-for-sale, as we may not hold our investments until maturity. Available-for-sale securities are carried at fair value based on inputs that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted market prices for similar securities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the securities, with unrealized gains and losses included in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in stockholders’ equity. Realized gains and losses and declines in value, if any, judged to be other than temporary on available-for-sale securities are included in interest income or expense. The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method. Management assesses whether declines in the fair value of investment securities are other than temporary. In determining whether a decline is other than temporary, management considers the following factors:

·

Whether the investment has been in a continuous realized loss position for over 12 months;

·

the duration to maturity of our investments;

·

our intention and ability to hold the investments to maturity and if it is not more likely than not that we will be required to sell the investment before recovery of the amortized cost bases;

·

the credit rating, financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuer; and

·

the type of investments made.

To date, there have been no declines in fair value that have been identified as other than temporary.

 

 

4. Commitments and Contingencies

We lease our facilities in Berkeley, California (“Berkeley Lease”) and Düsseldorf, Germany (“Düsseldorf Lease”) under operating leases that expire in June 2018 and March 2023, respectively. The Berkeley Lease provides for periods of escalating rent. The total cash payments over the life of the lease are divided by the total number of months in the lease period and the average rent is charged to expense each month during the lease period. We entered into sublease agreements under the Düsseldorf Lease for a certain portion of the leased space. The sublease income is offset against our rent expense.

During September 2013, we decided not to occupy a portion of our facility in Berkeley, California. As a result, we recorded an estimated unoccupied facility expense of $0.9 million during 2013, representing the present value of the rent payments and other costs associated with the lease, net of estimated sublease income, for the remaining life of the operating lease. During the first three quarters of 2014, we reassessed our timing and ability to sublet a portion of our facility and recorded a total unoccupied facility expense of $0.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. In December 2014, we decided to utilize the unoccupied portion of the facility and began to recognize rent expense under the terms noted in the Berkeley Lease.

Total net rent expense related to our operating leases for both three month periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, was $0.5 million and $0.4 million, respectively. Deferred rent was $0.5 million and $0.6 million as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.  

Future minimum payments under the non-cancelable portion of our operating leases at March 31, 2015, excluding payments from sublease agreements, are as follows (in thousands):

Years ending December 31,

 

 

 

 

2015 (remaining)

 

$

1,623

 

2016

 

 

2,209

 

2017

 

 

2,258

 

2018

 

 

1,226

 

2019

 

 

463

 

Thereafter

 

 

1,506

 

Total

 

$

9,285

 

 

11


In addition to the non-cancelable commitments included above, we have entered into contractual arrangements that obligate us to make payments to the contractual counterparties upon the occurrence of future events. In addition, in the normal course of operations, we have entered into license and other agreements and intend to continue to seek additional rights relating to compounds or technologies in connection with our discovery, manufacturing and development programs. Under the terms of the agreements, we may be required to pay future up-front fees, milestones and royalties on net sales of products originating from the licensed technologies, if any, or other payments contingent upon the occurrence of future events that cannot reasonably be estimated.

We rely on research institutions, contract research organizations, clinical investigators as well as clinical and commercial material manufacturers of our product candidates. As of March 31, 2015, under the terms of our agreements, including certain agreements relating to the ongoing Phase 3 trial of HEPLISAV-B, we are obligated to make future payments as services are provided of approximately $16.4 million through 2016. These agreements are terminable by us upon written notice. Generally, we are liable only for actual effort expended by the organizations at any point in time during the contract through the notice period.

From time to time, we are involved in claims, suits, and proceedings arising from the ordinary course of our business, including actions with respect to intellectual property claims, commercial claims, and other matters. Such claims, suits, and proceedings are inherently uncertain and their results cannot be predicted with certainty. Regardless of the outcome, such legal proceedings can have an adverse impact on us because of legal costs, diversion of management resources, and other factors. In addition, it is possible that a resolution of one or more such proceedings could result in substantial monetary damage awards, fines and penalties or orders requiring a change in our business practices, which could in the future materially and adversely affect our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows in a particular period.

 

5. Collaborative Research and Development Agreements

AstraZeneca

In September 2006, we entered into a research collaboration and license agreement with AstraZeneca for the discovery and development of TLR9 agonist-based therapies for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

In October 2011, we amended our agreement with AstraZeneca to provide that we will conduct initial clinical development of AZD1419 and AstraZeneca agreed to fund all program expenses to cover the cost of development activities through Phase 2a. Under the terms of the amended agreement, we received an initial payment of $3 million in 2011 to begin the clinical development program. We and AstraZeneca agreed to advance AZD1419 towards a Phase 1 clinical trial, which resulted in a development funding payment of $6 million received in the fourth quarter of 2012.

In January 2014, we amended our agreement with AstraZeneca for the clinical development of AZD1419 whereby responsibility for conducting clinical trials was transferred from Dynavax to AstraZeneca upon completion of the Phase 1 trial. In the first quarter of 2014, we received a $5.4 million payment that was due upon execution of this amendment.

The agreement with AstraZeneca has been amended several times, including most recently, in December 2014. Under the terms of this amendment, AstraZeneca will fully fund and Dynavax will conduct a Phase 2a safety and efficacy trial of AZD1419 in patients with asthma. In the fourth quarter of 2014, we received an $8.0 million payment due upon execution of this amendment, to be applied towards research and development expenses incurred in conducting the Phase 2a study.

Under the terms of this agreement, as amended, we are eligible to receive up to $100 million in additional milestone payments, based on the achievement of certain development and regulatory objectives. Additionally, upon commercialization, we are eligible to receive tiered royalties ranging from the mid to high single-digits based on product sales of any products originating from the collaboration. We have the option to co-promote in the United States products arising from the collaboration, if any. AstraZeneca has the right to sublicense its rights upon our prior consent.

Revenue from the $8.0 million payment received in the fourth quarter of 2014 was deferred and is being recognized as development work is performed, through December 2017. The $5.4 million payment received in the first quarter of 2014 and the $3.0 million initial payment received in 2011 were also deferred and are being recognized over the estimated remaining period of performance of development work, which is approximately 33 months.

The following table summarizes the revenues earned under our agreement with AstraZeneca, included as collaboration revenue in our consolidated statements of operations (in thousands):

12


 

Three Months Ended

 

 

March 31,

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Initial payment

$

63

 

 

$

180

 

Subsequent payment

 

237

 

 

 

675

 

Performance of research activities

 

171

 

 

 

887

 

Total

$

471

 

 

$

1,742

 

 

As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, total deferred revenue from the initial payment, subsequent payment and development funding payments was $12.3 million and $12.8 million, respectively.

Absent early termination, the agreement will expire when all of AstraZeneca’s payment obligations expire. AstraZeneca has the right to terminate the agreement at any time upon prior written notice and either party may terminate the agreement early upon written notice if the other party commits an uncured material breach of the agreement.

National Institutes of Health (“NIH”) and Other Funding

We have been awarded various grants from the NIH and the NIH’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (“NIAID”) in order to fund research. The awards are related to specific research objectives and we earn revenue as the related research expenses are incurred. We have earned revenue during the periods ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 from the following awards:

·

August 2014, NIH awarded us $0.2 million to fund research in developing a transgenic mouse model to study human TLR9 role in disease.

·

September 2013, NIH awarded us $0.2 million to fund research in developing TLR antagonists for therapy of hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis.

·

June 2012, NIH awarded us $0.6 million to fund research in screening for inhibitors of TLR8 for treatment of autoimmune diseases.

·

May 2012, NIH awarded us $0.4 million to fund development of TLR8 inhibitors for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

·

August 2010, NIAID awarded us a grant to take a systems biology approach to study the differences between individuals who do or do not respond to vaccination against the hepatitis B virus. This study will be one of several projects conducted under a grant to the Baylor Institute of Immunology Research in Dallas as part of the Human Immune Phenotyping Centers program. We have been awarded a total of $1.4 million under this grant.

The following table summarizes the revenues recognized under the various arrangements with the NIH and NIAID (in thousands):

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

March 31,

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

NIAID contracts

$

-

 

 

$

874

 

All other NIH contracts

 

148

 

 

 

251

 

Total grant revenue

$

148

 

 

$

1,125

 

 

6.

Long-Term Debt

 

In December 2014, we entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (“Loan Agreement”) with Hercules Technology Growth Capital, Inc. (“Hercules”) under which we may borrow up to $40.0 million in two tranches.

 

We drew down the first tranche of $10.0 million upon closing of the transaction on December 23, 2014. The second tranche, of $30.0 million, can be drawn at our option any time prior to September 30, 2015, but only if we have achieved certain milestones relating to the ongoing HEPLISAV–B Phase 3 study (“Milestone A”). We plan to use the proceeds received under the Loan Agreement to provide additional funding for HEPLISAV–B development and pre-commercialization activities, as a potential source of funding for clinical trials for our cancer immunotherapeutic product candidate, SD-101, and for general corporate purposes.

 

The interest rate for each tranche in the Loan Agreement is calculated at a rate equal to the greater of either: (i) 9.75% plus the prime rate as reported from time to time in The Wall Street Journal minus 5.25%, and (ii) 9.75%. Payments under the Loan Agreement

13


are interest only until February 1, 2016 (which will be extended until August 1, 2016, if we achieve Milestone A on or before September 30, 2015, and which will be extended until February 1, 2017, if we meet certain additional HEPLISAV-B Phase 3 related milestones (“Milestone B”) on or before August 1, 2016). The interest only period will be followed by equal monthly payments of principal and interest amortized over a 30 month schedule through the scheduled maturity date on July 1, 2018 (which would be extended through January 1, 2019 if we achieve Milestone A on or before September 30, 2015 or Milestone B on or before August 1, 2016) (the “Loan Maturity Date”). The entire principal balance, including a balloon payment of principal, as applicable, will be due and payable on the Loan Maturity Date, which we recorded as a liability and debt discount at the origination of the loan.

 

A final payment equal to $840,000 (if an aggregate of $10.0 million is advanced under the Loan Agreement) or $2,400,000 (if an aggregate of $40.0 million is advanced under the Loan Agreement) will be due on the Loan Maturity Date, or such earlier date specified in the Loan Agreement. Our obligations under the Loan Agreement are secured by a security interest in substantially all of our assets, other than our intellectual property. Additionally, we paid a $400,000 facility charge to Hercules. The debt issuance costs and final payment fee are being amortized and accreted, respectively, to interest expense over the term of the term loan using the effective interest method.

 

In addition, Hercules was granted the right, at its discretion, to participate in any Subsequent Financing in an aggregate amount of up to $1,500,000 (that is, a maximum amount of $1,500,000 with respect to all subsequent financings collectively) on the same terms, conditions and pricing afforded to others participating in any such Subsequent Financing.

 

The Loan Agreement includes customary affirmative and restrictive covenants, but does not include any financial maintenance covenants, and also includes standard events of default. At March 31, 2015, we were in compliance with all loan covenants. Upon an event of default, including a change of control , Hercules has the option to accelerate repayment of the loan, including payment of any applicable prepayment charges, which is 1.50% of the outstanding loan balance and accrued but unpaid interest.

 

As of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, we had outstanding borrowings under the Loan Agreement of $10.0 million, with a carrying value of $9.5 million and $9.6 million, respectively, net of the debt discounts. The following table summarizes our outstanding future minimum payments associated with our long-term debt as of March 31, 2015 (in thousands):

 

Obligations:

 

Total

 

 

2015

 

 

2016-2017

 

 

2018-2019

 

 

2020 and Thereafter

 

Principal payments on long-term debt

 

$

10,000

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

7,425

 

 

$

2,575

 

 

$

-

 

Interest payments on long-term debt

 

 

2,159

 

 

 

745

 

 

 

1,328

 

 

 

86

 

 

 

-

 

Total

 

$

12,159

 

 

$

745

 

 

$

8,753

 

 

$

2,661

 

 

$

-

 

 

 

7. Net Loss Per Share

 

Basic net loss per share is calculated by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period and giving effect to all potentially dilutive common shares using the treasury-stock method. For purposes of this calculation, common stock subject to repurchase by us, outstanding options, stock awards, Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, and warrants are considered to be potentially dilutive common shares and are only included in the calculation of diluted net loss per share when their effect is dilutive. Stock options, Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, warrants and stock awards totaling approximately 5,310,000 and 7,780,000 shares of common stock as of March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively, were excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per share for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, because the effect of their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. For periods in which the Company has a net loss and no instruments are determined to be dilutive, such as the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, basic and diluted loss per share are the same.

 

 

14


8. Stockholders’ Equity

Option activity under our stock-based compensation plans during the three months ended March 31, 2015 was as follows (in thousands except per share amounts):

 

 

Shares Underlying  Outstanding Options

(in thousands)

 

 

Weighted-Average Exercise

Price Per Share

 

 

Weighted-Average Remaining Contractual Term

(years)

 

 

Aggregate Intrinsic Value

(in thousands)

 

Balance at December 31, 2014

 

 

1,820

 

 

$

27.48

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options granted

 

 

619

 

 

 

16.30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options exercised

 

 

(2

)

 

 

10.22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

        Options cancelled:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options forfeited (unvested)

 

 

(54

)

 

 

17.88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options cancelled (vested)

 

 

(70

)

 

 

48.75

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2015

 

 

2,313

 

 

 

24.06

 

 

 

6.94

 

 

$

8,276

 

Vested and expected to vest at March 31, 2015

 

 

2,313

 

 

 

24.06

 

 

 

6.94

 

 

$

8,276

 

Exercisable at March 31, 2015

 

 

1,126

 

 

 

30.20

 

 

 

4.55

 

 

$

2,298

 

 

Restricted stock unit activity under our stock-based compensation plans during the three months ended March 31, 2015 was as follows (in thousands except per share amounts):

 

 

Number of Shares (In thousands)

 

 

Weighted-Average Grant-Date Fair Value

 

Non-vested as of December 31, 2014

 

179

 

 

$

17.13

 

Granted

 

24

 

 

$

16.16

 

Vested

 

(3

)

 

$

16.90

 

Forfeited or expired

 

(5

)

 

$

18.80

 

Non-vested as of March 31, 2015

 

195

 

 

$

16.97

 

 

The aggregate intrinsic value of the restricted stock units outstanding as of March 31, 2015, based on our stock price on that date, was $4.4 million.

As of March 31, 2015, approximately 75,000 shares underlying stock options and restricted stock units awards with performance-based vesting criteria were outstanding.

Under our stock-based compensation plans, option awards generally vest over a four-year period contingent upon continuous service and expire ten years from the date of grant (or earlier upon termination of continuous service). The fair value-based measurement of each option is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option valuation model.

The fair value-based measurements and weighted-average assumptions used in the calculations of these measurements are as follows:

 

 

 

Stock Options

 

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Weighted-average fair value

 

$

10.85

 

 

$

15.70

 

 

$

17.32

 

 

$

9.20

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

 

1.6

%

 

 

1.8

%

 

 

0.4

%

 

 

0.2

%

Expected life (in years)

 

 

5.8

 

 

 

5.9

 

 

 

1.2

 

 

 

1.1

 

Volatility

 

 

0.8

 

 

 

1.4

 

 

 

2.4

 

 

 

0.9

 

 

We recognized stock-based compensation expense of $2.0 million and $1.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The components of stock-based compensation expense were (in thousands):

15


 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Research and development

 

$

885

 

 

$

692

 

General and administrative

 

 

1,069

 

 

 

578

 

Total

 

$

1,954

 

 

$

1,270

 

As of March 31, 2015, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested equity awards including all awards with time-based vesting amounted to $19.8 million, which is expected to be recognized over the remaining weighted-average vesting period of 3.08 years. Additionally, as of March 31, 2015, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to equity awards with performance-based vesting criteria not deemed probable of vesting amounted to $0.4 million.

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

As of March 31, 2015, 99,600 shares were approved for issuance under the 2004 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, subject to adjustment for a stock split, or any future stock dividend or other similar change in our common stock or capital structure. As of March 31, 2015, employees have acquired 94,410 shares of our common stock under the 2004 Employee Stock Purchase Plan. As of March 31, 2015, 5,190 shares of our common stock remained available for future purchases.

In May 2014, stockholders of the Company approved the 2014 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “Purchase Plan”), pursuant to which the Company may issue up to 50,000 shares of its common stock to its employees. The Purchase Plan provides for the purchase of common stock by eligible employees and became effective on May 28, 2014. The purchase price per share is the lesser of (i) 85% of the fair market value of the common stock on the commencement of the offer period (generally, the fifteenth day in February or August) or (ii) 85% of the fair market value of the common stock on the exercise date, which is the last day of a purchase period (generally, the fourteenth day in February or August).  As of March 31, 2015, employees have acquired 7,959 shares of our common stock under the Purchase Plan and 42,041 shares of our common stock remained available for future purchases.

Warrants

As of March 31, 2015, warrants to purchase an aggregate of approximately 1,060,000 shares of our common stock were outstanding. The warrants are exercisable at a weighted average price of $15 per share and have an expiration date of April 16, 2015. During the three months ended March 31, 2015, approximately 19,900 warrants were exercised resulting in the issuance of approximately 7,500 shares of our common stock.

Between April 1, 2015 and April 16, 2015 approximately 1,060,000 warrants were exercised resulting in the issuance of 375,000 shares of our common stock. No warrants remained outstanding as of April 16, 2015.

Preferred Stock Outstanding

As of March 31, 2015, there were 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock authorized and 17,430 shares of $0.001 par value Series B Convertible Preferred Stock outstanding. On February 26, 2015, 26,000 shares of our Series B Convertible Preferred Stock were converted into 2,600,000 shares of common stock.

Each share of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock is convertible into 100 shares of common stock at any time at the holder’s option. However, the holder is prohibited from converting the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock into shares of common stock if, as a result of such conversion, the holder and its affiliates would own more than 9.98% of the total number of shares of common stock then issued and outstanding. In the event of the Company’s liquidation, dissolution, or winding up, holders of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock will receive a payment equal to $0.001 per share before any proceeds are distributed to the common stockholders. Shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock generally have no voting rights, except as required by law and except that the consent of holders of a majority of the outstanding Series B Convertible Preferred Stock is required to amend the terms of the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock. Holders of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock are not entitled to receive any dividends, unless and until specifically declared by the Company’s board of directors. The Series B Convertible Preferred Stock ranks senior to the Company’s common stock as to distributions of assets upon the Company’s liquidation, dissolution or winding up, whether voluntarily or involuntarily. The Series B Convertible Preferred Stock may rank senior to, on parity with or junior to any class or series of the Company’s capital stock created in the future depending upon the specific terms of such future stock issuance.

 

 

 

 

16


ITEM 2.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains forward-looking statements that involve a number of risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those indicated by forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including but not limited to, the period for which we estimate our cash resources are sufficient, the availability of additional funds, clinical development timing and progress, and ability to enter into strategic and licensing arrangements, as well as those set forth under “Risk Factors” and those that may be identified from time to time in our reports and registration statements filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

The following discussion and analysis is intended to provide an investor with a narrative of our financial results and an evaluation of our financial condition and results of operations. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes included in Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.

Overview

We are a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company that uses toll-like receptor (“TLR”) biology to discover and develop novel vaccines and therapeutics. Our development programs are organized under our three areas of focus: vaccine adjuvants, cancer immunotherapy, and autoimmune and inflammatory diseases.

Our vaccine research has focused on the use of TLR9 agonists as novel adjuvants. Our lead vaccine product candidate is HEPLISAV-B TM , an investigational adult hepatitis B vaccine in Phase 3 clinical development. HEPLISAV-B combines our proprietary TLR9 agonist adjuvant and recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen (“rHBsAg”) to elicit a response after two doses. In Phase 3 trials, HEPLISAV-B demonstrated earlier protection with fewer doses than currently-licensed vaccines and an adverse event profile similar to a licensed hepatitis B vaccine. Based on those data, we submitted a Biologics License Application (“BLA”) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) in 2012. In 2013, the FDA issued a Complete Response Letter (“CRL”) indicating that it would not approve the BLA because hypothetical risks of the novel adjuvant warranted a larger safety database to assess the possibility of rare autoimmune side effects. In April 2014, we initiated HBV-23, a Phase 3 study of HEPLISAV-B, in order to provide a sufficiently-sized database for the FDA to complete its review of our BLA. HBV-23 was fully enrolled in September 2014. We expect follow-up for the last patients to be complete in October 2015. In the first quarter of 2016, we intend to submit to FDA our revised BLA with answers to all questions raised and that submission is expected to be assigned a 6-month Prescription Drug User Fee Act (“PDUFA”) review period. If approved, we expect under current plans to launch HEPLISAV-B in the fourth quarter of 2016.

Through our expertise in TLR biology we have designed compounds that stimulate multiple innate mechanisms of tumor killing along with developing immune memory associated with antigens found in tumors. Our lead cancer immunotherapy candidate is SD-101, a C Class CpG TLR9 agonist that was selected for characteristics optimal for treatment of cancer, including high interferon induction. In animal models, SD-101 demonstrated significant anti-tumor effects at both the injected site and at distant sites. We have begun a clinical program intended to assess the preliminary efficacy of SD-101 in a range of tumors and in combination with a range of treatments.

We have several clinical and preclinical programs focused on therapeutics for autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Our most advanced inflammatory disease candidate is AZD1419, which is partnered with AstraZeneca AB (“AstraZeneca”). AZD1419 is designed to change the basic immune response to environmental allergens, such as house dust and pollens, leading to prolonged reduction in asthma symptoms by converting the response from one primarily mediated by type-2 helper T cells (“Th2”) to type-1 helper T cells (“Th1”). A Phase 1a study of AZD1419 demonstrated its safety and tolerability in healthy subjects. We are currently working with AstraZeneca to design a Phase 2 study, fully funded by AstraZeneca, which we expect to conduct beginning in the second half of 2015.

There is also a strong rationale for the use of TLR inhibitors to treat autoimmune diseases. These conditions arise from dysfunction in the innate immune system resulting in the body seeing its own cells and tissues as pathogens and attacking them. Various autoimmune diseases are characterized by over-stimulation of endosomal TLRs. Our lead inhibitor product candidate is DV1179, our TLR7/9 inhibitor for autoimmune or inflammatory conditions. We are assessing potential clinical applications for DV1179, including autoimmune pancreatitis, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (“NASH”) and autoimmune skin diseases such as scleroderma and dermatomyositis.

Our revenues consist of amounts earned from collaborations, grants and fees from services and licenses. Product revenue will depend on our ability to receive regulatory approvals for, and successfully market, our drug candidates. We have yet to generate any

17


revenues from product sales and have recorded an accumulated deficit of $619.2 million at March 31, 2015. These losses have resulted principally from costs incurred in connection with research and development activities, compensation and other related personnel costs and general corporate expenses. Research and development activities include costs of outside contracted services including clinical trial costs, manufacturing and process development costs, research costs and other consulting services. Salaries and other personnel-related costs include non-cash stock-based compensation associated with options and other equity awards granted to employees. General corporate expenses include outside services such as accounting, consulting, business development, investor relations, insurance services and legal costs. Our operating results may fluctuate substantially from period to period principally as a result of the timing of preclinical activities and other activities related to clinical trials for our drug candidates.

As of March 31, 2015, we had $97.6 million in cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities. Since our inception, we have relied primarily on the proceeds from public and private sales of our equity securities and revenues from collaboration agreements to fund our operations. We expect to continue to spend substantial funds in connection with the development and manufacturing of our product candidates, particularly HEPLISAV-B, human clinical trials for our product candidates and additional applications and advancement of our technology. In order to continue these activities, we may need to raise additional funds. This may occur through strategic alliance and licensing arrangements and/or future public or private debt and equity financings. If adequate funds are not available in the future, we may need to delay, reduce the scope of or put on hold the HEPLISAV-B program or other development programs while we seek strategic alternatives.

Critical Accounting Policies and the Use of Estimates

The accompanying discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements and the related disclosures, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates, assumptions and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the balance sheet dates and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the periods presented. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, assumptions and judgments described below that have the greatest potential impact on our consolidated financial statements, including those related to revenue recognition, research and development activities and stock-based compensation. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Accounting assumptions and estimates are inherently uncertain and actual results may differ materially from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. We believe that there have been no significant changes in our critical accounting policies during the three months ended March 31, 2015, as compared with those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.

Results of Operations

Revenues

Revenues consist of amounts earned from collaborations, grants and service and license fees. Collaboration revenue includes amounts recognized under our collaboration agreements. Grant revenue includes amounts earned under government and private agency grants. Service and license fees include revenues related to research and development and contract manufacturing services, license fees and royalty payments.

The following is a summary of our revenues (in thousands, except for percentages):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Decrease) from

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2014 to 2015

 

 

Revenues:

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

 

$

 

 

%

 

 

Collaboration revenue

 

$

471

 

 

$

2,373

 

 

$

(1,902

)

 

 

(80

)%

 

Grant revenue

 

 

148

 

 

 

1,125

 

 

 

(977

)

 

 

(87

)%

 

Service and license revenue

 

 

8

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

100

%

 

Total revenues

 

$

627

 

 

$

3,498

 

 

$

(2,871

)

 

 

(82

)%

 

Total revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2015 decreased by $2.9 million, or 82%, as compared to the same quarter of 2014. Collaboration revenue decreased by $1.9 million due to winding down of work performed for the Phase 1 clinical trial for AZD1419, extension of the estimated performance period for the $5.4 million payment received from AstraZeneca in March 2014, and expiration of our collaboration agreement with GlaxoSmithKline (“GSK”) in 2014 . Grant revenue decreased by $1.0 million primarily due to due to a decrease in revenue recognized from our National Institute of Health’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases contracts for adjuvant development that expired in 2014 and other programs funded by grants.

18


Research and Development Expense

Research and development expense consists primarily of compensation and related personnel costs, which include benefits, recruitment, travel and supply costs, outside services, allocated facility costs and non-cash stock-based compensation. Outside services relate to our preclinical experiments and clinical trials as well as our regulatory filings and manufacturing of our product candidates. For the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, approximately 86% and 51%, respectively, of our total research and development expense, excluding non-cash stock-based compensation, is related to our lead product candidate, HEPLISAV-B. The remainder of our research and development expense results primarily from earlier-stage programs.

The following is a summary of our research and development expense (in thousands, except for percentages):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Decrease) from

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2014 to 2015

 

Research and Development:

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

 

$

 

 

%

 

Compensation and related personnel costs

 

$

7,145

 

 

$

5,654

 

 

$

1,491

 

 

 

26

%

Outside services

 

 

12,490

 

 

 

5,295

 

 

 

7,195

 

 

 

136

%

Facility costs

 

 

1,700

 

 

 

1,590

 

 

 

110

 

 

 

7

%

Non-cash stock-based compensation

 

 

885

 

 

 

692

 

 

 

193

 

 

 

28

%

Total research and development

 

$

22,220

 

 

$

13,231

 

 

$

8,989

 

 

 

68

%

Total research and development expense for the three months ended March 31, 2015, increased by $9.0 million, or 68%, as compared to the same quarter in 2014. Outside services expense increased by $7.2 million primarily due to the initiation of our HEPLISAV-B clinical trial in April 2014. Compensation and related personnel costs increased by $1.5 million and non-cash stock-based compensation increased by $0.2 million due to an overall increase in employee headcount. Facility costs increased by $0.1 million due to repair and maintenance of our manufacturing facility.

General and Administrative Expense

General and administrative expense consists primarily of compensation and related personnel costs; outside services such as accounting, consulting, business development, investor relations and insurance services; legal costs that include corporate and patent-related expenses; allocated facility costs and non-cash stock-based compensation.

The following is a summary of our general and administrative expense (in thousands, except for percentages):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Decrease) from

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2014 to 2015

 

General and Administrative:

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

 

$

 

 

%

 

Compensation and related personnel costs

 

$

1,958

 

 

$

1,483

 

 

$

475

 

 

 

32

%

Outside services

 

 

1,129

 

 

 

1,177

 

 

 

(48

)

 

 

(4

)%

Legal costs

 

 

520

 

 

 

756

 

 

 

(236

)

 

 

(31

)%

Facility costs

 

 

183

 

 

 

163

 

 

 

20